In this work, we utilize XUV-SHG spectroscopy to investigate the polar metal phase of LiOsO3, where the coexistence of polarity and metallicity is unexpected since the itinerant conducting electrons in metals are expected to screen out long-range electrostatic forces that typically stabilize a permanent polarization. This is one of the first uses of nonlinear X-ray spectroscopy to investigate a material across a phase transition. A sensitivity to broken inversion symmetry appears above the Li K-edge, with theory showing how the spectrally-resolved SHG varies with Li-displacement. As the first demonstration of XUV-SHG spectroscopy around a phase transition, these results pave the way for using nonlinear XUV methods to investigate broken symmetry from an element-specific perspective.
Congratulations to Emma for her first author paper, and Angelique and Can for their first paper in the group. Also, we are excited for Clarisse’ first paper, who contributed to this work during her NSF-REU visit last summer.
This work was done in collaboration with researchers from LBNL, UC San Diego, Argonne National Laboratory, Penn State, and the University of Tokio. The experiments were conducted at the free-electron laser facility SACLA in Japan.
Our paper appeared in Nano Letters (open access) and was selected as cover featured article:
College of Chemistry news release: